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Roof Materials - Tar & Gravel, Modified Bitumen, Rolled Roofing

Flat Roof Materials - Tar & Gravel, Bitumen and Roll Roofing

Built-Up Roof (click for glossary definition)


Built Up Roof

Modified Bitumen Roof

Roll Roofing

Built up roofs are used when the pitch is no more than 3 inches rise to 12 inches run. This roof is installed by alternating layers of heavy roofing felt and hot asphalt or tar. The final product is coated with a mineral such as gravel. Built-up roofs are rated by how many layers are applied, usually between 3 and 5 layers are considered standard.

Pros:

  • Lower cost
  • Good weather resistance

Cons:

  • Can be messy to install
  • Not intended for high rain or snow areas

Modified bitumen roofing (click for glossary definition)
Similar to the tar and gravel roof, this roof adds layers of polyester or fiberglass with bitumen. These additional layers add strength and resistance to a flat roof.

Pros:

  • Lower cost
  • Good weather resistance

Cons:

  • Can be messy to install
  • Not intended for high rain or snow areas

Roll roofing (click for glossary definition)
This low cost roofing product is made from materials similar to asphalt shingles, but has a relatively short life expectancy-less than 10 years-because it is a single-ply roof. Roll roofing is commonly known as 90-pound felt, since one roll covering 100 square feet weighs around 90 pounds.

Pros:

  • Low cost
  • Reasonable weather resistance

Cons:

  • Short life
  • Not intended for high rain or snow areas

Pitched Roof Materials

Flat Roof Materials


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